It is the largest Australian city and the place where, in January 1788, the British colony of New South Wales was founded : a penal colony. Since then, Sydney has become a multi-ethnic and cosmopolitan metropolis, the most visited and known city in Australia. And with its more than one hundred and twenty beaches , including the famous Bondi Beach , Sydney is a paradise for surfers who can practice their favorite sport all year round thanks to the temperate climate that characterizes the city even in winter.
Overlooking the Pacific Ocean and surrounded by the Blue Mountains , Sydney lays on the shores of It is this particularly favorable geographical position that has led to the impressive demographic growth of the city which today houses a fifth of the Australian population. Dotted with national parks and green areas, Sydney has been awarded several times as one of the most beautiful and liveable cities in the world . Composed of two main areas,
Sydney sees the oldest neighborhoods concentrated in the Cum berland Plain , west of its perimeter, while Hornsby Plateu(or North Shore), located in the northern part of the city, is a slightly elevated area that houses the financial and residential districts, connected to the rest of the city via the Harbor Bridge. But the skyline of Sydney is that of the tall skyscrapers found in the Central Business District (CBD) in the heart of the city. Here are the symbolic buildings of the famous Opera House , declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2007, the World Tower and the Australian Square .
And between one skyscraper and another, large green lungs like Hyde Park , Wynyard Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens. Finally, in the west part of Sydney, the CBD ends in Darling Harbor , one of the most touristic districts of the city: among restaurants and shops of all kinds, visitors can experience the true soul of the capital of New South Wales in a single afternoon .